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THE RED PLANET
Dartagnan
#1 Posted : Friday, October 21, 2011 8:58:43 AM(UTC)
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Russia’s  Soyuz St-B carrier rocket with two unmanned Galileo navigation satellites was launched from the  Kourou space centre in French Guiana  on Friday.  That’s its first blast off outside the former USSR, from a South American cosmodrome.


Equatorial launches make it possible to orbit heavy spacecraft wasting less fuel.  Up to 4 satellites are planned to be launched from Kourou annually.


http://english.ruvr.ru/2011/10/21/59115372.html 


Davai Russia!!!!!!


masha

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



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Alireza on 10/21/2011(UTC)
Dartagnan
#2 Posted : Tuesday, November 22, 2011 7:29:27 AM(UTC)
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RUSSIAN&AMERICAN COSMONAUTS RETURN ON EARTH IN RUSSIA. 


http://rus.ruvr.ru/photoalbum/60819568/60819596/


masha


masha


masha

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



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CROUCHING TIGER on 9/14/2012(UTC)
Dartagnan
#3 Posted : Tuesday, November 22, 2011 7:50:02 AM(UTC)
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DON'T MISS THIS MOVIE


FIRST MAN IN SPACE. MOVIE: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKs6ikmrLgg&feature=watch-now-button&wide=1


masha

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#4 Posted : Tuesday, December 13, 2011 9:25:35 AM(UTC)
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                           masha


A monument to the world’s first spaceman Yuri Gagarin has been unveiled in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, on Monday.


The unveiling ceremonies were held in the city of Chemnitz and the village of Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz.


The event took place within the framework of the Year of Russian Cosmonautics dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the first manned space flight.


(TASS)


http://english.ruvr.ru/2011/12/13/62150876.html


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"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



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CROUCHING TIGER on 9/14/2012(UTC)
Dartagnan
#5 Posted : Tuesday, March 06, 2012 3:55:38 PM(UTC)
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Valentina Tereshkova: the sky's the limit











Mar 6, 2012 17:31 Moscow Time










Photo: RIA Novosti






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Before she set off on her space flight, the world’s first woman astronaut Valentina Tereshkova exclaimed: “Hey, sky, take your hat off!” She took off aboard a Vostok spaceship in June 1963 and flew around Earth 48 times in three days. Today, on the 6th of March, holder of the Hero of the Soviet Union gold star, Major-General, honorary citizen of many countries and MP Valentina Tereshkova is turning 75.


The day before the take-off, she told her family that she was going to a skydiving competition. They only learned about her space flight later when they heard it on the radio. Before the flight, Valentina underwent an intensive training programme. At that time, the training programme for cosmonauts was unnecessarily tough. The most trying test was not a centrifuge or a thermal camera but the psychological test which required the future cosmonaut to spend a week in an enclosed space which was a white completely empty room. According to Valentina, she smiled and sang songs there.


Before joining the cosmonauts’ team, Tereshkova worked at a tyre factory, did skydiving at a flying club in Yaroslavl and was a technical school apprentice, holder of two Hero of the Soviet Union titles, cosmonaut Vladimir Dzhanibekov says.


“This Russian woman has had an amazing life, she managed to overcome all the obstacles in her way. She was a factory worker to start with, then went to a flying school and went into space which brought her world fame and a lot of public work. She may have had problems in her private life, but this beautiful Russian woman endured everything with dignity.”


Informally, the Vostok-6 spaceship was called a ‘tin can’. It was so small that a cosmonaut had to assume a reclining position to fit in. She had to stay in that position for three days. Besides, there was a fault in the spaceship’s control programme, Valentina Tereshkova recalls.


“I kept this secret for 30 years. Instead of ensuring safe landing, the programme actually caused the spaceship to ascend from orbit instead of descending.”


She noticed this fault in good time and reported to the Mission Control Centre. After receiving the necessary data, Tereshkova entered it into the descent system and ensured a safe landing. At the time, both in the USSR and the US space equipment had not been rigorously tested, observer of the Space News journal Igor Lisov says.


“In those days, every space flight was a great feat, both here and in the US. There was no clear understanding of how the human system would behave in space and there were no medicines which could help the situation. Space flights were indeed very difficult and very dangerous ventures. At that time, Tereshkova was seen as someone who had done a heroic deed and this view has not changed with time.”


After completing her space flight, Tereshkova graduated from the Air Force Academy with honours. She is a professor and the author of over 50 scientific articles. She worked at the Cosmonaut Training Centre for a long time and did a lot of international public work.


Valentina Tereshkova is the only woman on Earth who has made a solo space flight. All the subsequent female astronauts only went to space as part of a crew.



 


 

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#6 Posted : Wednesday, March 14, 2012 6:30:27 PM(UTC)
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NASA will go on using Russian spacecraft








 



Mar 14, 2012 17:29 Moscow Time










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NASA will prolong using Russian spaceships until 2017 in order to be able to continue carrying its astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS). According to “The Wall Street Journal”, this is on NASA’s plans now. As it appears, Americans will rely on Russia’s help in cargo orbital transportation too.


The U.S. space shuttle made its final flight last year. NASA has given up its plans to use the space-shuttle system in the future and decided to replace it by a new one.  Private spaceships and rockets were regarded as an alternative. Four firms in the USA that received subsidies from NASA and another 3 that were not subsidized by NASA have started working on the new systems. It was planned that by the year 2016 astronauts would be able to use a private “space taxi”. Let’s take for example, the Dragon spacecraft of the SpaceX Company that has made visible progress in this field, outstripping its rivals, and that included the possibility of producing a cargo, a piloted and a mixed modification of its new model.    


The cargo spacecraft flew round the Earth in 2010. In the second half of this year it should begin its commercial flights carrying cargoes to the International Space Station (ISS). However, the work to create a piloted Dragon spacecraft has been delayed now because the U.S. Congress has twice reduced the financing of commercial projects through NASA for this year. The idea to create a “space taxi” for the year 2016 should be forgotten. This means that the Russian Soyuz spaceships will continue carrying cargoes to the ISS, Academician Alexander Zheleznyakov from the Russian Academy of Sciences says.  


"There will be no other spaceships at the disposal of NASA to carry astronauts to the ISS until 2017. And as regards Americans, they do not plan to bring to a halt their presence on the ISS. Therefore, they are forced to buy seats onboard Russian Soyuz spaceships. They are doing this now and will continue doing this until they find an alternative to the Russian spaceships."


NASA Administrator Charles Bolden is hopeful that private spaceships will begin their flights in 2017 at the minimum. However, there are no guarantees that a full-scale and a reliable replacement for the Russian Soyuz spaceships will appear before the end of the ISS mission in 2020.


"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#7 Posted : Thursday, April 12, 2012 4:14:15 PM(UTC)
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                             masha


VIDEO: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LVWKhBx3sIw&feature=related 


Russia celebrates the anniversary of the first human spaceflight on 12 Apr 1961 by Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin as Cosmonautics Day. The Russian Space Agency has invited heads of 49 space agencies and astronauts who took part in space expeditions on Soviet and Russian spacecraft to attend the 50th anniversary celebration in Moscow on Apr 12. Around the world, it is celebrated as Yuri's Night and celebrated with parties.

Gagarin was also the first human to orbit the earth. He was preceded into Space by a Russian dog, Laika.

The 1961 flight made Gagarin an international hero; he was awarded the Order of Lenin and made a deputy of the Soviet parliament, the Supreme Soviet. It represented a second propaganda coup for the Soviet Union during the Cold War -- the first was the launch of Sputnik -- and it heated up the space race with the United States. The United States didn't put a man into space until Alan Shepard's sub-orbital flight on 5 May 1961. NASA's Apollo missions to the Moon are regarded as a direct result of the need in the US to even the score.

Festivities in 54 countries are registered on the website www.yurisnight.net, which is maintained by the Space Generation Advisory Council. Even a research base in Antarctica marks Yuri's Night, according to the council, meaning the night is toasted on all seven continents.

Yuri Gagarin joined the Russian Air Force in 1955 and graduated with honors from the Soviet Air Force Academy in 1957. Soon afterward, he became a military fighter pilot. By 1959, he had been selected for cosmonaut training as part of the first group of USSR cosmonauts. He flew only the one space mission, circling Earth in Vostok 1 at a speed of 17,025 miles per hour. The flight lasted 108 minutes. At the highest point, he was some 203 miles above Earth. Although the controls were locked, a key was available in case he had to override the remote piloting. The cosmonaut ejected after reentry into Earth's atmosphere and landed by parachute. He was training for a second space mission when, on 27 Mar 1968, he was killed in the crash of a MiG-15 he was piloting.

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#26 Posted : Monday, August 06, 2012 8:17:40 PM(UTC)
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Curiosity in search of Martian water with Russian help




curiousity Кьюриосити марсоход мар наса




 






NASA’s rover Curiosity has successfully landed on Mars. However, the story of its journey is just beginning. One of the prime tasks of the robot is to search for water beneath the Martian surface with the help of the Russian-made DAN neutron spectrometer.




Russia was perhaps the most convenient place to watch Curiosity landing live, as it occurred around 09:32 Moscow Time. Luckily, the working week began with good news – the spacecraft accomplished all stages of the complicated landing process and set down the most sophisticated craft to rove Mars ever.


Curiosity’s aim is to look for specific signs which would help scientists to understand whether or not in its past Mars could have potentially supported life or, indeed, had life. Currently there are four factors which are deemed to be precursors for a planet to be habitable: water, some complex compounds, an energy supply (provided by the Sun or by internal processes), and protection from hazardous factors such as high-energy solar radiation.


The rover will primarily investigate Martian chemistry. Gale Crater, the site of the landing, offers abundant opportunities to study exposed layers of Martian soil, representing earlier stages of its formation.


Water as a main pre-condition for the emergence of life will be under the close scrutiny of DAN. Short for Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons, DAN is the successor to the well-known HEND neutron spectrometer onboard the Mars Odyssey orbiter, launched by NASA in 2000, that was the first to find water on Mars in 2001. Both were developed by the Space Research Institute’s laboratory for space gamma-spectroscopy led by Dr. Igor Mitrofanov.


Neutrons are considered to be an excellent probe for water. When a neutron penetrates the soil and hits hydrogen nucleus, which is actually a proton, the former loses about half of its energy since the masses of both are the same. Thus, if the energy of neutrons that go into the soil are known, and then measure the energy of those coming out, we can estimate the abundance of hydrogen in the shallow layer of the surface. This is the basic principle of neutron spectroscopy. Neutron detectors – such as HEND and DAN – measure neutron fluxes that come out of the surface and their energies. Since water is the most wide-spread hydrogen compound, it is supposed that the distribution of hydrogen indicates the presence of water.


However, unlike HEND that uses primary neutrons from background of cosmic rays, DAN also includes a neutron generator that emits short but very intensive pulses of neutrons, which are used as an artificial neutron probe. After the pulse is emitted, the neutron detector begins to count the neutrons returning from beneath the surface and measure their energy. Since the intensity and energy of initial pulses are known beforehand, the abundance and distribution of water can be estimated with high accuracy.


Moreover, DAN is able to provide data on the vertical distribution of water deposits based on the time difference between the emitted pulse and the neutron’s return. As neutrons can penetrate the surface up to one meter deep, they are “reflected” from different layers containing a different amount of water ice of hydrogen-bearing minerals. This task is rather complicated, but information thus obtained can be used to look deeper into Mars’ past and uncover the role water has played throughout its history.


DAN is also Russia’s contribution to Martian studies. Although there have been no particular Russian spacecraft studying the Red Planet since the failure of the Phobos program in 1988, Russian instruments or instruments built with Russian assistance have been studying the planet, albeit mainly from orbit – such as the American Mars Odyssey and European Mars Express launched in 2005. DAN begins the studies of the Martian surface, even though scientific payloads of earlier NASA rovers Spirit and Opportunity also had a Russian contribution, which is hopefullyto be followed by the European ExoMars rover with Russia’s participation in the project. Final agreement on the latter is expected to come in the near future.


Meanwhile, DAN is expected to be switched on in coming days. The instrument has already been tested during the interplanetary cruise when Curiosity’s scientific payload was calibrated. Now comes Martian testing, so stay tuned!



http://english.ruvr.ru/2012_08_06/Curiosity-in-search-of-Martian-water-with-Russian-help/

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#27 Posted : Friday, August 10, 2012 1:46:30 PM(UTC)
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Mars reveals its secrets




Mars reveals its secrets




 






The attention of astronomers is glued to pictures the U.S. Mars rover Curiosity has sent from the “red planet”. And a tide of curiosity did they spark. Posted on numerous blogs, they stirred most lively debates on the web.




Scientists are confident that they are only a step away from unraveling the many mysteries surrounding Mars. The very first photograph showed a huge loosely-shaped dark spot. Bloggers immediately came up with a multitude of guesses as to what that could be – from a lens flare to retreating Martians. The suspicions were allayed when the Curiosity research team explained that the ghost-like spot was nothing more than a cloud of dust created by the rover upon landing – a disappointing peace of news for those who believe that Mars is inhabited by small green creatures.


Astronomer Yuri Karash, a correspondence member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, thinks that even if Mars proves to be completely lifeless as may well be the case, it will still be of great use to humanity.


"Among all the planets of the solar system, Mars has conditions that bear the closest resemblance to those of the Earth. Besides, it’s a planet that may be colonized and developed to a point where it will be a life-friendly human habitat. The current rover is fitted out with the latest technology and universal devices that will supply enough evidence shedding light on whether life is possible on Mars and whether it had ever existed there."


A unique “sky crane” technology was developed to maneuver the massive rover into a safe landing. Curiosity was lowered on cables until all of its six wheels hit the Martian surface. Russian cosmonaut Sergei Zhukov does not see why humans should not be dropped on Mars in much the same way.


"I am sure that the rover will cope with the task. This is a kind of landing that is fit for man as well. The previous three rovers – Pathfinder, Spirit and Opportunity – landed in inflatable bags. And here we see a normal landing, although it may take many a rover before man sets foot on Mars."


At least 900,000 web users have visited Curiosity’s official blog on Twitter (twitter.com/MarsCuriosity). The smart rover shares its impressions and provides a fine gallery of Mars views and its own self-portraits.



http://english.ruvr.ru/2012_08_10/Mars-reveals-its-secrets/

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#28 Posted : Thursday, September 13, 2012 7:00:47 PM(UTC)
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First Animal to Survive in Space


VIDEO: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7W194GQ6fHI&feature=g-logo-xit



"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#29 Posted : Thursday, September 13, 2012 7:17:28 PM(UTC)
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Curiosity sends fresh Red Planet photo shots


Slopes of Mount Sharp are made of rock layers that bear a striking resemblance to a stack of paper.


       

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



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CROUCHING TIGER on 9/14/2012(UTC)
CROUCHING TIGER
#30 Posted : Friday, September 14, 2012 6:28:15 AM(UTC)
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http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/index.html


WELCOME TO THE REAL WORLD
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Dartagnan on 9/16/2012(UTC)
Dartagnan
#8 Posted : Sunday, September 16, 2012 2:51:16 PM(UTC)
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Russia - most educated nation




ученица школа образование грамотность

Russia is the world’s most educated nation. More than half of Russians (54%) aged between 25 and 64 received higher education, the International Economic Cooperation and Development Organization says in a report released this week. Canada and Israel rank second and third respectively.



The majority of people with higher education are engineers and computer programmers. Dmitry Kosov, the press secretary of the Kelly Services recruitment firm, says that many graduates of Russian technical universities have no problem finding a job at home or abroad because their high professional training.


"Russia has a well-developed higher education system and the majority of employees are people with diplomas. These are research and technological staff, experts in information technologies, and so on - people who really possess the necessary knowledge and can speak a foreign language, which makes them the most sought-after specialists in almost any country."


Gleb Lebedev, the head of the HeadHunter research form, echoes that many foreign companies hire Russians because of their non-standard style of thinking, particularly in high-tech spheres.


"Technical education is traditionally Russia’s strong point. Our programmers are appreciated all over the globe, we are beyond competition here thanks to international standards of programming. Our mathematicians and physicists are also in demand."


Mentality is what Russia’s success relies on. Practically every school graduate tries to enter a university or a college to gain knowledge and profession, says Yefim Rachevsky, a deputy at the Russian Public Chamber.


"Our children want to study. Teachers still influence them greatly. And what is also important here is that everyone in Russia has access to education which remains mostly free despite commercial schemes already existing in many universities."


As a rule, Russian students study for several hours a day and from the very first year in a university can start building a career. As a result, by the time of their graduation they can be viewed as experiences and highly-qualified specialists.



http://english.ruvr.ru/2012_09_16/Russia-most-educated-nation/


Dartagnan;314678 wrote:


                             masha


VIDEO: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LVWKhBx3sIw&feature=related 


Russia celebrates the anniversary of the first human spaceflight on 12 Apr 1961 by Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin as Cosmonautics Day. The Russian Space Agency has invited heads of 49 space agencies and astronauts who took part in space expeditions on Soviet and Russian spacecraft to attend the 50th anniversary celebration in Moscow on Apr 12. Around the world, it is celebrated as Yuri's Night and celebrated with parties.

Gagarin was also the first human to orbit the earth. He was preceded into Space by a Russian dog, Laika.

The 1961 flight made Gagarin an international hero; he was awarded the Order of Lenin and made a deputy of the Soviet parliament, the Supreme Soviet. It represented a second propaganda coup for the Soviet Union during the Cold War -- the first was the launch of Sputnik -- and it heated up the space race with the United States. The United States didn't put a man into space until Alan Shepard's sub-orbital flight on 5 May 1961. NASA's Apollo missions to the Moon are regarded as a direct result of the need in the US to even the score.

Festivities in 54 countries are registered on the website www.yurisnight.net, which is maintained by the Space Generation Advisory Council. Even a research base in Antarctica marks Yuri's Night, according to the council, meaning the night is toasted on all seven continents.

Yuri Gagarin joined the Russian Air Force in 1955 and graduated with honors from the Soviet Air Force Academy in 1957. Soon afterward, he became a military fighter pilot. By 1959, he had been selected for cosmonaut training as part of the first group of USSR cosmonauts. He flew only the one space mission, circling Earth in Vostok 1 at a speed of 17,025 miles per hour. The flight lasted 108 minutes. At the highest point, he was some 203 miles above Earth. Although the controls were locked, a key was available in case he had to override the remote piloting. The cosmonaut ejected after reentry into Earth's atmosphere and landed by parachute. He was training for a second space mission when, on 27 Mar 1968, he was killed in the crash of a MiG-15 he was piloting.


"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#9 Posted : Sunday, September 30, 2012 2:30:33 PM(UTC)
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How to Get to Mars. Very Cool! HD


VIDEO: http://www.youtube.com/embed/XRCIzZHpFtY?rel=0 

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#10 Posted : Monday, October 01, 2012 7:06:06 PM(UTC)
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First human settlements on Mars by April 2023


Is it possible to play a tennis match on Mars? 




curiousity Кьюриосити марсоход мар наса

While the NASA Mars rover Curiosity studies the surface of the Red Planet, the Netherlands has launched full-scale preparations for a manned flight to Mars. The Mars One program proposes that the first human settlements will appear on Mars by April 2023.



The first team consisting of four astronauts from various countries that will be selected in 2013 will engage in a seven-month flight from the Earth to Mars. There they will build the first dwellings for the colonists and stay for an indefinite period of time.


Every two years a new team will join the settlement. It is planned that by 2033 the number of Mars dwellers will be over twenty people. The colonists will be primarily engaged in scientific work as well as geological exploration. They all will live and work in autonomous units specifically designed for the expedition to Mars.


The Mars One team started working on its project back in early 2011. The founders of the project – Bas Lansdorp and Arno A. Wielders – are confident that Mars One will definitely pay for itself. Truly, the concept of the mission is interesting: the financing will be raised with the help of a TV reality-show. It is believed that the opportunity to watch the journey and the life of the first Mars settlers will attract a huge number of viewers and the mass media. Bas Lansdorp does not exclude that the first colonist team will include professional astronauts. He points out that what will be especially valuable is the experience of the Russian project Mars-500, during which six volunteers from various countries including an Italian astronaut spent 520 days in an Earth based simulator of a Mars-bound space ship.


The developers of the new project together with numerous specialists and organizations have conducted large-scale research of the feasibility of settlements on Mars. The analysis included not only technical issues, but also financial, psychological, and ethical aspects of the future expedition.


Despite the fact that Mars One is a very costly and risky project, many international aerospace companies that could develop and supply the key equipment components for the expedition to Mars are very interested in the project. Mars One has attracted an impressive list of people who support the mission to Mars. Among them is Gerard ‘t Hooft, a 1999 Nobel Prize winner in physics:


“My first impression of the Mars One project was that it was something absolutely extraordinary. As many people who first hear about it, I thought that the idea of settlements on Mars was not more than a pure fantasy. But having studied the materials given to me, I gradually came to understand that perhaps it was not just somebody’s crazy idea. It is an idea that can in reality be implemented. I believe that the launch of Mars One can become one of the most captivating and impressive media projects ever seen by humankind.”


The fact that the expedition will be a non-political and commercial manned flight only makes it more attractive for equipment suppliers and future sponsors. This is because if the flight does take place and the colony is established, one will be able to talk about an independent state on Mars. In turn that state will be headed by those who sponsor the Mars One project.


Yet who will be able to try their hand at becoming one of the first colonists on Mars? “Anyone who feels that he can manage that task can become a candidate for that job,” says Arno A. Wielders.


Of course, he is being optimistic. Only people with excellent physical and psychological training, good health, high stress-resistance, and conflict-resistance – as well as an education in engineering, mathematics, biology, and medicine – are likely to become Mars colonists. In addition, only people under the age of 35 can apply. In total about 40 astronauts will participate in the project.


Mars One will build a copy of the future Mars settlement that will allegedly be located in the deserts of Gobi and the Sahara. It will prepare the future colonists as the terrain is similar to the Martian desert, as well as taking into account the temperature conditions in order to test the necessary equipment. The selection of the astronauts and their further training will be broadcast on TV and the Internet. In 2013, the first selection of astronauts will take place. Those willing still have a chance to enter their names in the history of the Mars exploration.



http://english.ruvr.ru/2012_08_22/First-human-settlements-on-Mars-by-April-2023/

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#11 Posted : Sunday, October 14, 2012 12:05:38 PM(UTC)
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The Russian-produced Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons (DAN) instrument on NASA’s Curiosity rover has launched the investigation of the surface of Mars searching for water ice caps.




NASA is now preparing its Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) and InSight missions to research the planet’s atmosphere and rock. Meanwhile, the European Space Agency and Russia’s Roskosmos space agency also plan a detailed probe into Martian atmosphere to possibly answer if there is life on the planet.


The DAN spectrometer was switched on in mid-August and though it is still in test flight mode, the experiments have already begun.


Their first results have been reported at the third Moscow international Solar System Symposium arranged by the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The data were presented by Maxim Litvak, the head of the space gamma-ray spectroscopy lab at the Space Research Institute.


DAN revealed that the amount of hydrogen in Mars rock where the rover landed was surprisingly small- corresponding to the mass of 1-2% of water. These results contradict the previously obtained data by Russia’s HAD High Energy Neutron Detector HEND installed at the2001 Mars Odyssey robotic spacecraft.


The HEND-generated maps show that the rover’s landing area in the Gale Crater could rather be considered humid (5-6% of water).


However, the new results could be explained. HEND’s spatial resolution is hundreds of kilometers while DAN is able to measure hydrogen level directly under the rover.


This shows that water ice distribution in Mars rock is more complex than it was thought, so finer research methods are needed, like the Curiosity mission.


New projects also take this necessity into account - MAVEN, InSight, ExoMars


(collaboration between the European Space Agency and Roskosmos) as well as projects by other countries.


Their scientific goals are somewhat common – to research the planet’s development and find out why it lost its magnetic field and water and is or was there any life on the planet.


The answers lie in the planet’s atmosphere and geology, the distribution of water ice and minerals on the surface and upper layers of the rock.


All researchers dream of landing on the planet and expect to do it in the 2020s. Now, space agencies are working on less complicated projects to bring rock from the Red Planet to Earth.


Russia puts a stake on the ExoMars project that is to be sealed this November. The ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) is joint project to send a robotic orbiter-carrier to Mars in 2016.. The TGO would deliver the ExoMars EDM stationary lander and then proceed to map the sources of methane and other gases on Mars


Russia will equip the lander with two Atmospheric Chemistry Suite (ACS) spectrometers and fine resolution neutron detector (FREND) spectrometer for the search of subsurface water on the planet.


The first stage of the project will also feature a demo Entry Descent and Landing (MEDLI) Suite. It was also planned to have Russian equipment but plans the idea was dropped due to limited timeframe.


The instrument is to test out soft touchdown technologies and though it has equipment to study Mars’ atmosphere and life it can’t be called a full-fledge research space craft as its equipment will not last longer than 2-4 days.


The second stage of the mission is the launch of Pasteur payload in 2018. Russia will supply Proton booster for to deliver the ExoMars rover onto the Martian surface and another set of instruments on the stationary landing platform


Pasteur will also be equipped with Infrared Surface Emissivity Model(ISEM) and ADRON (Active Detector of gamma Rays and Neutrons). The engineers are open for other suggestions.


According to head of the Institute for Space Research Lev Zelyony, ExoMars is also a great chance to practice joint mission control for further collective missions which is also crucial for the research.



http://english.ruvr.ru/2012_10_14/Mars-air-and-water/

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#12 Posted : Sunday, November 04, 2012 6:40:00 AM(UTC)
Dartagnan

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Curiosity Rover finds no traces of methane on Mars


Curiosity марсоход сша снимок гора шарп



NASA’s Curiosity Rover has found no traces of methane on Mars.




Earlier reports said that if found, methane could indicate the presence of life.


However, data provided by the previous rover missions to Mars demonstrated that the Red Planet’s atmosphere contained methane and that methane’s concentrations depended on seasonal fluctuations.


NASA says that searches for methane on the Red Planet will continue. Scientists say that methane, if it is really there, is present in small quantities.


Curiosity explores Martian atmosphere


NASA’s Curiosity Rover has carried out the first complete analysis of the Red Planet’s atmosphere.


The results of the analysis show that the Martian atmosphere has a high content of heavy isotopes of carbon and argon.


Even though the Red Planet’s atmosphere is 100 times thinner than Earth’s, researchers believe that it used to be much denser billions of years ago so the climate on the planet was much softer.


Curiosity, which landed on Mars on August 6th, is on a mission to search for water and organic compounds on the planet.


Curiosity completes first studies of Martian soil


Initial experiments completed by NASA's Mars rover Curiosity show that Martian soil’s minerals are similar to those in weathered volcanic-origin basaltic soils in Hawaii, NASA reported.


Curiosity recently ingested the first sample of the Red Planet’s soil. The rover used its Chemistry and Mineralogy tool (CheMin) to study the sample. The results obtained “provide refined and in some cases new identifications of the minerals in this first X-ray diffraction analysis on Mars,” a NASA researcher said.


Identification of minerals in rocks and soil is a key activity for the mission to assess past environmental conditions on Mars, NASA said.


Voice of Russia, RIA, Interfax



 

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#13 Posted : Tuesday, November 13, 2012 6:17:09 PM(UTC)
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VIDEO: Thousands to watch rare total solar eclipse in Australia


солнечное затмение солнце



Tens of thousands of people were flocking to Australia's tropical north to watch a rare total solar eclipse, a phenomenon officials say has not been seen in the region in 1,300 years.




The Queensland state government expects up to 60,000 visitors will witness on Wednesday the alignment of the sun, moon and earth which creates one of the most spectacular sights in nature, essentially turning day into night.


Northern Australia is the only place where crowds will be able to view the eclipse, which will mainly take place over the vast South Pacific.


"This one is a bit unique because we are not going to have another eclipse in Australia for years," said Journeys Worldwide managing director Dick Cijffers, who runs specialist eclipse tours.


The eclipse starts at sunrise in the Northern Territory east of Darwin and passes across Australia's top eastern cape before heading out over the South Pacific towards the north of New Zealand.


From sunrise on Wednesday (2035 GMT Tuesday) the moon will begin to cross in front of the sun, gradually passing over it until it is completely covered, bringing with it a shadow path.


The whole process will take several hours, with the skies in the path gradually darkening and lightening again, but the maximum duration for the total eclipse on the Australian mainland will be two minutes and five seconds.


Watch solar eclipse on-line: http://events.slooh.com/


Voice of Russia, AFP, Slooh SpaceCamera



 

"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



Dartagnan
#14 Posted : Friday, November 16, 2012 6:09:28 PM(UTC)
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Tens of thousands of people were flocking to Australia's tropical north to watch a rare total solar eclipse, a phenomenon officials say has not been seen in the region in 1,300 years.



The Queensland state government expects up to 60,000 visitors will witness on Wednesday the alignment of the sun, moon and earth which creates one of the most spectacular sights in nature, essentially turning day into night.


On November 14, Australians and scores of tourists could witness a full solar eclipse.






"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



1 user thanked Dartagnan for this useful post.
paul_pipkin on 11/17/2012(UTC)
Dartagnan
#15 Posted : Tuesday, December 04, 2012 4:19:24 PM(UTC)
Dartagnan

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Russian DAN explores Mars soil


Remote Sensing Instruments (2): Mast Camera (Mastcam) and Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Chemistry and Microimaging (ChemCam) located on the remote sensing mast 
Contact Science Instruments (2): Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) and Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) located on the end of the robotic arm 
Analytical Laboratory Instruments (2): Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) and Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) located inside the rover body 
Environmental Instruments (4): Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD), Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons (DAN), Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS), and Mars Descent Imager (MARDI).



The Russian neutron-shooting instrument DAN (Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons) installed on the Curiosity Mars rover has measured the water contents in the Mars soil in 25 different parts of the Gale Crater 58 times.



In some places the water content exceeds 4%, experts of the Institute of Space Research at the Russian Academy of Sciences told journalists on Tuesday.


                      


The scientists hope that after analyzing all the data they would be able to determine all details of the Gale Crater evolution for the whole period of its existence and find out if the crater’s natural environment could have been favourable for primitive forms of extraterrestrial life.


The DAN neutron detector is an entirely Russian product and part of the Curiosity rover’s equipment.




Voice of Russia, TASS


"I'd love to open a tennis school for children in my hometown of Sochi." said Sharapova Maria.



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